Other Standards

SIP2 | Geolocation IP Authentication | OpenURL | Web Services | RSS Feeds | Cataloging

The library industry has a long and proud history of developing standards that remove barriers to discovery, retrieval, management and preservation of published content. The goal being to bring together libraries, publishers, information systems vendors engaged in information exchange to develop technical standards, disseminate information about those projects and other initiatives ongoing in our community, as well as educate the community about technological advances affecting the information exchange community.

Founded in 1939, incorporated as a not-for-profit education association in 1983, and assuming its current name the following year, NISO draws its support from the communities it serves. The leaders of over 70 organizations in the fields of publishing, libraries, IT, and media serve as its voting members. Hundreds of experts and practitioners serve on NISO working groups, committees, and as officers of the association.

NISO recognizes that standards must reflect global needs and that our community is increasingly interconnected and international. Designated by ANSI to represent U.S. interests as the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) to the International Organization for Standardization's (ISO) Technical Committee 46 on Information and Documentation. NISO also serves as the Secretariat for Subcommittee 9 on Identification and Description, with Todd Carpenter serving as the SC 9 Secretary. NISO is well positioned to bring together all interested parties, wherever they are based.


Download AG SIP2 Messages Supported PDF >>

SIP2 (and its predecessor, SIP) were originally developed by the 3M Corporation as the Standard Interchange Protocol. The protocol was originally designed by 3M as a mechanism to exchange information between its 3M self-checkout machines and integrated library systems. It still plays this role today.

The value of such an interchange mechanism was readily apparent from the moment that SIP was originally released. Although still owned and copyrighted by 3M, SIP has become a de facto standard and is used not only in self-check environments, but also as the exchange protocol for authentication systems, for third-party print management software, for third-party computer scheduling software, for library point-of-sale and vending environments, and various related functions where some computer application needs to verify and manage a transaction with the library’s borrower database. Some third-party vendors of ancillary services for libraries have added proprietary extensions to SIP2 in order to bring specific functionality to their devices.

Auto-Graphics supports SIP, SIP2, and numerous extensions. SIP2 software is integrated with the system; it is used in self-check, RFID, authentication, and various other environments where Auto-graphics customers interact with other applications and devices.

Auto-Graphics currently supports the following company products all of which are in use by our customers:

  • 3M Self Service – Barcode or RFID
  • CheckPoint – RFID
  • Envisonware – PC Reservation
  • Library Metricks – PC Reservation
  • Userful – PC Reservation
  • CybrayN – PC Reservation
  • ITeam – PC Reservation

Geolocation IP Authentication

Auto-Graphics offers the Geolocation module to customers to allow them to more effectively meet their patrons' needs by offering instant, remote access to authoritative content resources to aid them with their research - even when the library is closed. The new location-based intelligence allows patrons to remotely access electronic library resources from anywhere in a defined geographic region - without requiring a traditional library card for authentication.

Through geolocation authentication, patrons have instant, online access to authoritative, licensed content provided to them through their library, consortium or the state. Only when a patron is determined to be outside of the domain is a traditional library card, bar code or other form of patron authentication required to verify patron credentials.

Many libraries are faced with a growing number of individuals within a community who require access to a State's licensed resources but don't have the time to obtain a library card, or the desire to divulge personal information. The Geolcation service maps all IP addresses on the Internet, collecting information in a database and referencing it against the accessing IP address to verify eligibility. Once authenticated - whether in the library, or from any other Internet connection - patrons have the ability to simultaneously search multiple, disparate, free and licensed content sources through AGent, without additional authentication.


Z39.88 - OpenURL is a NISO standard protocol that enables the transmission of metadata from a source (a citation index, for example) to a resolver that parses that metadata and points the user to a site where the a library’s resource (paper, digital, etc.) can be accessed.

The term OpenURL refers both to the metadata string and the process itself. When a library user finds an article citation in a journal database, for example, that person may want to read the full text of the article. The journal database creates an OpenURL string, composed of the name of a resolver, and an encoded set of data identifying the article title, author, journal, page numbers, etc. The OpenURL string is sent to a resolver, which ‘takes apart’ the string and consults its knowledge base to identify where that article might be found in resources that are owned by or subscribed to by the library. The resolver then presents various URL links to the library user that can be used to go to the appropriate web site for retrieval of the full text. Most OpenURL resolvers are integrated with the library system (ILS) and can point to print materials as well, through the library catalog.

AGent has the ability to be a target of an OpenURL resolver – that is, we have a known and published scheme for embedding a search argument into a URL and being able to process that to locate a specific item within a library’s collection. In this way, a link resolver could point to an AGent database and retrieve specific titles.

AGent has the ability to be a target of an OpenURL resolver – that is, we have a known and published scheme for embedding a search argument into a URL and being able to process that to locate a specific item within a library’s collection. In this way, a link resolver could point to an AGent database and retrieve specific titles.

Web Services

Auto-Graphics' products currently utilize Web Services throughout the application.

RSS Feeds

RSS is a format for delivering regularly changing web content.

Auto-Graphics' products provide the ability to customize a unique interface at the library level, including an events calendar, RSS feeds and the ability to accommodate staff and patron-level display preferences.



MARC stands for MAchine Readable Cataloging. It is a communications format for bibliographic, authority, holdings, classification and community information data and was developed by the Library of Congress. The Library of Congress, the Library and Archives Canada and the British Library serve as the maintenance agency for the MARC 21 formats for the MARC 21 user community. A-G Canada is a member of both the Canadian Committee on MARC and the MARC 21 Advisory Committee, which advises the Library and Archives Canada and the Library of Congress concerning changes to the MARC 21 formats.


FRBR stands for Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. It is a conceptual model that underlies RDA.


RDA stands for Resource Description and Access. It is the new set of cataloging rules that will succeed AACR2 and is scheduled to be released in the third quarter of 2009. The evaluation by the Commitee of Principals (British Library, Library and Archives Canada, Library of Congress, National Library of Australia) is now set for late 2009–early 2010 with implementation taking place some time after the evaluation. This schedule is subject to change.